Complex, chronic, and quite bothersome for many sufferers - we're talking about Rosacea. This incurable skin condition is not only a physical challenge but also a significant emotional burden for patients. The redness, often accompanied by bumps, pustules, and skin thickening, primarily appears on the face. Many affected individuals feel limited in their daily lives, resulting in a loss of valuable quality of life. As a brand committed to healthy skincare, we are dedicated to thoroughly addressing the topic of Rosacea and showing you how to best manage this skin condition with suitable skincare products to enhance your well-being.

What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by redness and visible blood vessels on the face. Women are more commonly affected than men, although men tend to experience more severe forms. Typically diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 50, Rosacea can also appear in milder forms in younger people. Those with fair skin are more frequently affected. One hypothesis suggests this may be due to an evolutionary adaptation. In the northern regions with less sunlight, people might not have been able to produce enough of a protective substance called LL-37, essential for vitamin D production. To compensate, the body developed a mechanism to ensure the skin produced enough of this protective substance despite the lack of sunlight, leading to constant stress on the endoplasmic reticulum (a vital cell component responsible for producing and storing various substances)..

Causes and triggers of Rosacea

The exact causes of Rosacea are not fully understood, but research indicates that genetic predisposition and environmental factors play a role. An immune system malfunction, an increased number of Demodex mites on the skin, and sensitive nerve structures may also contribute to Rosacea.

  • Environmental Factors: Factors such as heat, cold, wind, and significant temperature fluctuations can trigger Rosacea. Sun exposure, in particular, exacerbates the condition by irritating the skin and dilating blood vessels, leading to increased redness. UV rays can also weaken the skin's immune system, intensifying inflammation. Avoiding these environmental triggers can help reduce symptoms.
  • Demodex Mites: The Demodex mite, also known as the follicle mite, is a natural part of our skin, residing in hair follicles on the face, chin, and neck. It helps remove dead skin cells and sebum, protecting the skin from diseases. However, Rosacea patients often have an overpopulation of these mites. The skin responds by producing antibodies, leading to an inflammatory reaction on the surface. Investigating the role of Demodex mites in Rosacea is crucial - treatments targeting mite reduction can help alleviate inflammation and improve Rosacea.
  • Immune System: Typically, our body fights off pathogens. In Rosacea, the immune system overreacts, mistaking harmless substances for threats and triggering inflammation. This results in dilated blood vessels and a reddened appearance of the skin.
  • Emotional Stress: Psychological stress can negatively impact the immune system, promoting inflammation and worsening Rosacea symptoms.
  • Diet: Diet also influences Rosacea, with certain foods and drinks like caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods stimulating blood flow and aggravating the condition.
  • Hormones: Hormonal changes can also contribute to the worsening of Rosacea.

Tip: Since not everyone reacts the same way to triggers, it's helpful to keep a Rosacea diary to identify and avoid your personal triggers.

Symptoms and Stages of Rosacea

Rosacea is characterized by persistent redness, papules, pustules, and sometimes skin thickening. The condition typically progresses in waves, with flare-ups and remissions over several years. Generally, Rosacea can be divided into four sequential stages, though sometimes stages are skipped, or the condition manifests as a combination of multiple stages.

  • Pre-Rosacea ("Rosacea Diathesis")
    Rosacea starts with intermittent flushing, known as "flushes," where the small, superficial blood vessels are dilated.
  • Stage 1 ("Rosacea Erythematotelangiectatica")
    In this stage, the blood vessels can no longer constrict, leading to persistent facial redness (also called telangiectasia).
  • Stage 2 ("Rosacea Papulopustulosa")
    This stage is marked by permanent redness accompanied by the appearance of pustules and papules, which often spread to the forehead, cheeks, and chin.
  • Stage 3 ("Rosacea Hypertrophica")
    Predominantly affecting men, this stage is characterized by severe facial redness with nodules and tissue changes. Previously known as "rhinophyma" or "drinker's nose," it involves thickening of the connective and sebaceous gland tissue around the nose. Today, we know these tissue overgrowths result from excessive collagen production due to an increased number of mast cells and fibroblasts activated by inflammation. Alcohol acts as a trigger but is not the cause of rhinophyma.

Treatment of Rosacea

Rosacea is a complex condition that requires a holistic understanding and individualized solutions. There is no single correct treatment; instead, managing Rosacea necessitates a customized treatment plan based on the severity and symptoms. Treatment can range from the use of specific anti-inflammatory creams to possible laser therapies and prescription medications. It is generally advisable to see an experienced dermatologist as early as possible to find appropriate treatment methods. This helps better control symptoms, improve quality of life, and prevent the disease from progressing.

 

General tips for managing Rosacea:

  • Avoid Trigger Factors: Identify and avoid factors that intensify the condition.
  • Sun Protection: UV radiation is unavoidable, so using sunscreen with a high SPF is essential.
  • Gentle Skincare Products: Use mild, non-irritating products for cleansing and daily care. Avoid ingredients like fragrances, salicylic acid, and alcohol, which can exacerbate inflammation.
  • Anti-inflammatory Diet: The right diet can help control Rosacea flare-ups. It is recommended to eat anti-inflammatory foods that strengthen gut flora and the immune system. Your diet should include plenty of vegetables, healthy plant oils (e.g., canola oil), and fiber (broccoli, nuts, seeds, etc.). Avoid alcohol, caffeine, sweets, animal products, and sometimes wheat products and cow's milk. Keeping a diary can help identify personal triggers.

Proper skincare for Rosacea

As mentioned, the choice of skincare products plays a central role in managing Rosacea. Avoid aggressive ingredients and opt for anti-inflammatory, soothing, and vascular-strengthening products. At VINOBLE COSMETICS, we offer a range of products that can help improve Rosacea symptoms.

 

CLEANSING:

  • balancing & regenerating tonic: A refreshing and balancing toner that soothes, clarifies, and hydrates the skin. When cleansing your face, always pat it dry gently instead of rubbing.

ESSENCES & CONCENTRATES:

  • purifying essence: A clarifying essence that mattifies, soothes, and balances sensitive skin.
  • purifying concentrate: A concentrate with clarifying ingredients that regulate the skin and reduce inflammation.
  • hydrating essence: A hydrating essence that promotes the skin's regeneration process.

FACE CREAMS:

  • protecting day cream SPF 30: Ideal as a daily protective cream with high SPF and a modern, photostable UVA + UVB broad-spectrum protection system.
  • tinted day cream SPF 30: Provides SPF 30 UVA + UVB protection and gives an even, radiant complexion thanks to its tint. It is recommended to apply an essence underneath.
  • purifying cream: Ideal for severe inflammation with pustules and papules. Regulates oil, reduces inflammation, and provides antioxidants.
  • hydro-regenerating cream: Grape seed oil and allantoin provide intensive moisture to the skin.